- Posted by agency-it
- On September 26, 2018
The use of cannabis has been a hot topic in recent years, with an increasing number of cities and states legalizing its use for both medicinal and adult use (recreational) purposes.
Many consumers are choosing edibles over smoked or vaporized cannabis as it provides a more approachable consumption method for those opposed to inhaling. Edibles are food or drink items made with marijuana extract as one of the active ingredients. Although there are all types of edibles, they are most commonly baked goods, lollipops or other sweets.
But be careful! Because edibles work much differently than smoking cannabis, it is essential to understand how to get an enjoyable dose.
Understanding THC and CBD
Before purchasing and consuming edibles, you should know the difference between THC and CBD. Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is what creates the intoxicating effects of cannabis. Cannabidiol (CBD) is the ingredient that has been reported by consumers to reduce anxiety and inflammation. When added to THC, CBD can reduce some of the intoxicating effects and increase the bio-availability of cannabinoids. A ratio of one-part CBD to one-part THC often provides the therapeutic benefits of cannabis with mild intoxication. The higher the proportion of CBD to THC, the less likely you are to feel intoxicated. For this reason, some people prefer a 4:1, 10:1 or even 20:1 ratio with CBD dominating the profile.
The Onset and Duration of a Dose
The most important thing to remember about edibles is that they do not start working as quickly as smoking. You must exercise patience when consuming cannabis edibles, as the effects can take up to two hours to become fully realized. When smoking cannabis, the effects are nearly instantaneous for some people, but typically within three to five minutes. Edibles must go through the digestive system first, which means the results are delayed. THC must first travel through the stomach and end up in the lower GI tract, where it is fully absorbed and processed by the liver from Delta-9-THC to Delta-11-THC. This different isomer of THC is much more intoxicating and can produce a sedative effect, including mild hallucinations in high doses. Sublingual products that are absorbed through the mucus membranes in the mouth do not go through the liver, converting the isomer, and tend to have onset of effect within 20-45 minutes, while ingested edibles typically see effects within an hour or two. Conversely, sublinguals have a fall-off of three to four hours while an ingested edible can last up to eight hours.
How Edible Dosage Is Measured
While most cannabis products are measured by a percentage that indicates the strength of the cannabinoid, edibles are measured in milligrams of cannabinoids contained in the product. The package will show how many milligrams are in it, as well as how many are in a single serving. For example, typical edible packages contain 100 milligrams of THC in it, and the individual pieces cannot exceed 10mg of THC by law, the recommended single serving size from the state of Colorado. Many people choose to eat a portion of a single serving, which is completely homogenized (the same throughout), so half of a single serving would only be 5mg. There are also several products on the market that target micro-doses of 2.5-5mg of THC per serving, which may not have a noticeable effect for certain users. By law, we cannot recommend any person consumer over the single serving size.
Deciding How Much You Need
When it comes to cannabis dosage, everybody is different, and some people are more sensitive to it than others. If you have never eaten an edible before, or if it has been a while since you used cannabis, experts recommend beginning with a dose of no more than 5 milligrams. This dosage has been shown by patient reports to bring mild pain relief, as well as reduce mild symptoms of anxiety and stress. Some people also feel more focused and creative. Wait at least 4 hours before taking more so that you can consider the full effect the dosage had on you. When you find your comfortable dosage amount, know that tolerance will build over time, requiring more active milligrams for the same desired effects. Patients with Colorado Medical Marijuana Recommendations can purchase edibles in higher single serving sizes and total package sizes, such as 500mg chocolate bars in 50mg pieces. Again, we cannot make any recommendation over 10mg for adult use customers.
Consuming an Edible
If you decide to consume an edible, don’t be too impulsive. First, consider what you’ve eaten and had to drink throughout the day. Know that an empty stomach can reduce the effects of edibles, and it’s always recommended to have a snack or meal with edibles to provide fat or oil content to help carry the THC through your digestive tract. It is also important to keep in mind that alcohol increases the concentration of THC in your blood and mixing too much cannabis with alcohol can leave you feeling impaired instead of having fun. We cannot condone or recommend using alcohol in conjunction with cannabis.
Dosing in a comfortable place is essential as well. If you are in an unfamiliar setting or expect to be around a lot of people, it is best to keep the dose small. If you intend to take a larger dose, do it in a place you are comfortable and with people you know well, such as your best friend. Avoid dosing alone if you are new to edibles as you may become too anxious.
Easing a High That Is Too Intense
No matter how much you prepare, sometimes a high feels too intense, and it can happen even if you are an experienced user. The idea of going “low and slow” is designed to prevent this uncomfortable experience, which can include paranoia, anxiety, dizziness, drowsiness and a “weight” on your chest. Know that there is no lethal dose of cannabis possible, and only time can provide true relief from the effects.
If you start to feel too anxious or impaired by your high, find a calm and safe environment. Try listening to music or watching a favorite movie. If you can, bring someone who can reassure you that everything will be okay. It is also important to stay hydrated and if you can, increase the CBD and fat content in your system to help slow and reduce the intoxication.
When done responsibly, cannabis edibles have been reported to be an excellent way to relieve pain, ease anxiety and even feel more creative and focus on your artistic pursuits. Just remember to follow local laws and consume responsibly.